Apr 082012
 

The following undated (though probably from the 1940-50s) "Genealogical and Historical Sketch" was compiled by "The Media Research Bureau, 1110 F Street, Washington, D.C."

The name of Elliot or Elliott is said to have been derived from the dimlnutive of the baptismal name Elias. It is found in ancient records in the various forms of Elyot, Eliot, Ellyott, Elyotte, Eli-ott, Ellyet, Elyett, Elliot, and, Elliott, of which the last two forms are those most generally accepted in America today. The name of Ellott or Ellett has also become Ellio(t)t but it was originally derived from the name of Ellen. 

It is also claimed by some authorities that this family was introduced into England about the year 1066 by one of the followers of William the Norman Conqueror but this is not certain. The earliest definite records of the family in England are those of Henry Elyot of Bucklnghamshire and Thomas Elyot of Cambridgeshire about the year 1273, Richard Eliot of 1307, Thomas Elyott of Norfolk County in 1393, Sir Richard Elyot of Essex County before 1400, (who was the father of Richard and possibly of Sir Thomas of Suffolk), Edmund Elyot of Somersetshire in the year 1417, Walter Elyot of Devonshire about 1433, and John Eliot of Devonshire in the early fifteenth century, who was the father of Edward, who had John and Thomas, of whom the second was the father of Richard, Hugh, Walter, and Thomas, of whom the first died in 1609, and was succeeded by his son Sir John, who was the father of John, Richard, Edward, and Nicholas.

Some authorities claim that the first emigrants of the name to America, the brothers Philip, John, Jacob, and Francis Elliot or Elliott, who emigrated to New England in 1631, were descended from the last mentioned line of the family in England, while others claim that they were the sons of Bennett Eliot and his wife Letteye Aggar of Widford, Hertfordshire, and Nazeing, Essex County, England.

Philip, possibly the eldest of the emigrant brothers, made his home at Roxbury, Mass., and was the father by his wife Elizabeth of Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Philip.

The Reverand John, known as "The Apostle to the Indians", probably the second of the emigrant brothers, also resided at Roxbury and was there married in 1632 to Hanna Mumsford or Mountford, by whom he was the father of Hannah, John, Joseph, Samuel, Aaron, Benjamin, and Abigail.

Jacob, probably the third of the emigrant brothers, was the father at Boston by his wife Margery of Jacob, John, Hannah, Abigail, Susanna, Mehitable, Sarah, and Asaph.

Francis, youngest of the emigrant brothers, made his home at Braintree, Mass., and was married about 1641 to Mary Saunders, who was the mother by him of Mary (died young), Rachel, John, Hannah, Mary, and Abigail.

In 1633 another John Elliot or Elliott was living at Watertown, Mass., and by his wife Margaret he was the father of Elizabeth, John, Ann, Samuel, Martha, and Sarah.

Another early emigrant of this family was Andrew Eliot, Elliot, or Elliott, who is said to have been the son of William Eliott of Somersetshire, England who was descended from the line of Gavin and Gilbert Elliot of Stobs and Rulewater.  Andrew is said to have come to Salem and Beverly, Mass., about 1660, and by some authorities, to have had issue by his wife Grace Woodier of an only son named Andrew, while others also give him a son William and daughters Mary and Emma.

One Thomas Eliot is said to have settled at Swansea, Mass., about 1669.  By his wife Jane he is said to have had Abigail, Thomas, Joseph, Elizabeth, and Benjamin, the last three of whom were born at Taunton, Mass.

Daniel Ellio(t)t of Sudbury or Marlborough, Mass., before 1687 is said to have married Hannah Cloyes and had issue by her of Daniel, Ebenezer, John, James, Nathaniel, Jonathan, and Peter.

In the latter part of the seventeenth century one John Elliott is said to have come over from England with the Quaker followers of William Penn and settled in Pennsylvania.  This emigrant is believed to have had three sons, Benjamin of Pennsylvania, and Jacob and Abraham, who removed to South Carolina.

Another southern branch of the family is said to have been descended from the brothers Joseph, William, and Thomas Elliott or Elliot of South Carolina and Georgia, about the end of the seventeenth century, of whom the first is believed to have been the father of Thomas and John; the second is said to have had an only son named John; and the third was probably the father of Amerinthia, John, and Edward.

Still another John Elliott is said to have resided at Boscawen, N.H., about 1734 and to have been the father by his wife Ruth Flanders of six children, John, Nicholas, Rober, Olive, Rhoda, and Joanna.

Others of the name who emigrated at early dates but left few records of themselves and their families were William of Ipswich in 1634, who is said to have come from Wiltshire, England; Edmnd of Salisbury, Conn., in 1652, who was the father by his wife Sarah of a son named John and is also said to have had a second wife of the surname of Hadden and a third of the surname of Blaisdell; Richard of New London, Conn., in 1662, who may have later removed to Beverly; Joseph of New London in 1667, who probably removed to Stonington, Conn.; John of Amesbury in 1677; Robert of Casco, ME., in 1670, and later of Portsmouth, N.H., who was probably the father of Humphrey, Jane, and Elizabeth; and Thomas of Boston in 1686, who had issue by his wife Hannah of a daughter named Mary.

The descendants of these various branches of the family in America have spread to practically every State of the Union and have aided as much in the growth of the coutry as their ancestors aided in the founding of the nation.  They have been  noted for their energy, ambition, industry, integrity, resourcefulness, piety, perseverance, initiative, courage, and leadership.

Among those of the name who fought as officers in the War of the Revolution were Brigidier-General Robert Elliot of Rhode Island, Captain Robert Elliot of Virginia, Lieutenant-Colonel Bernard Elliott of South Carolina, Captains James Elliott of Pennsylvania, Joseph Elliott of South Carolina, and Joseph Elliott of Connecticut, and Thomas Elliott, Colonel, of Virginia.

Thomas, Richard, John, Wlater, Edward, Philip, Samuel, Jacob, William, Joseph, Daniel, and Benjamin, are some of the Christian names most highly favored by the family for its male members.

A few of the many members of the family who have distinguished themselves in American in more recent times are;

Charles William Eliot of Massachusetts, educator, 1834-1926;
Daniel Girard Elliott of New York, zoologist, 1835-1915; and
Sarah Barnwell Elliott of Tennessee, who died in 1928.

One of the most ancient and frequently recurrent of the many coats-of-arms of the Ellio(t)t family is described as follows:

Arms — "Gules, on a bend engrailed or, a baton azure."
Crest — "A dexter arm holding a cutlass proper."

(Arms taken from Burke's "Encyclopeaedia of Heraldry," 1851)

Bibliography.

The above data have been compiled chiefly from the following sources:

Bardsley — "English and Welsh Surnames", 1901.
Scot — "Metrical History of the Honorable Families of Scot and Elliott", 1892.
Winters — "Eliot Family", 1885.
Savage — "Genealogical Dictionary of New England", 1860.
Emerson — "Genealogy of the Descendants of John Eliot", 1905.
Eliot-Porter — "Eliot Family", 1854.
"Pedigree of Francis Eliot", 1856.
Whitmore — "Pedigree of Eliot", 1857.
Tancred — "Rulewater and Its People", 1907.
Whitmore — "Andrew Elliot and His Descendants", 187-.
Elliott — "Ancestry of Charles Darwin Elliot", 1901.
Elliot and Vansyoc — "History and Genealogy of the Elliot Family in America', 1908.
Stewart — "History and Genealogy of the Stewart, Elliott, and Dunwody Families", 1895.
Heitman — "Officers of the Continental Army", 1914.
"The Americana", 1934.
Burke — "Encyclopaedia of Heraldry", 1851.